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Jim's Guide - The NIE - Part 1 - Theory

Posted: Sat Jun 6, 2020 11:53am
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jimtaylor

jimtaylor

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Posts: 6314

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Location: Mudamiento

Joined: 2 Feb 2017

This is an updated version of the guide I originally posted two years ago.

INTRODUCTION

There's an awful lot of information about getting an NIE on the web, including on forums but, in my opinion, none of the information is sufficiently complete. This opinion seems to be justified, because of the number of people who ask questions about the topic.

My intention here is to provide a definitive guide that (hopefully) covers every aspect and leaves no room for doubt or questions. This means that it's a long guide, but I consider that better than one that doesn't tell the full story.

WHAT'S IT ALL ABOUT, ALFIE?

The NIE, Número de Identificación de Extranjeros, is a foreigner's identification number, and is a unique number that Spain assigns to foreigners, whether they come from an EU country or not.

It effectively supplements your passport and is needed as a means of identification for virtually any bureaucratic procedure, for examples:

· A bank account - may not be needed to open an account, but will be needed before the bank does its annual report to the tax agency.

· Any type of tax payment, including both resident and non-resident tax, council tax, vehicle tax, inheritance tax, etc etc.

· Becoming legally employed or self-employed.

· Buying, selling or renting a property, or taking out a mortgage.

· Car purchase or sale.

· Enrolling at a school or other learning centre.

· Exchanging to or applying for a Spanish driving license.

· Getting a medical card or social security number.

· Many purchases.

· Signing on the padrón.

· Starting up a business.

· Taking out an insurance policy.

· Transferring utilities into your name - electricity, water, etc.

The number itself is composed of an initial letter, followed by seven digits, followed by a verification letter. The initial letter is an X for NIEs issued before July 2008, and a Y after then. If you ever see an NIE with a U at the start of it, this indicates a temporary NIE, which is only issued in rare cases.

Once you have it, keep the original document in a secure place and take copies for everyday use - it is seldom that the original will be requested.

If you change your address, you do not need change that on your NIE.

RESIDENCY

If you are moving to Spain, either to live here permanently or to stay for more than ninety days, then you will have to apply for a residency certificate (before the end of the Brexit transition period), or a residencia card (post-Brexit). You can apply for an NIE number as part of this residency process, meaning you only have to comply with one set of requirements and submit one application, which would save you both time and money.

RELEVANT LEGISLATION

If you fancy a bit of light reading, the following is some of the legislation related to the subject:

Ley 4/2000

Real Decreto 178/2003

Real Decreto 2393/2004

Real Decreto 240/2007

Real Decreto 557/2011

Real Decreto 987/2015

HOW YOU GET AN NIE

There are four ways of getting an NIE.

According to Real Decreto 557/2011, and government websites, you should also be able to apply to the Guardia Civil. However, there is nothing about this on the Guardia Civil website, and I've never heard of anyone doing it that way, nor is there provision on the application form for this.

1). Apply in person in Spain:

This requires a visit to a National Police station or one of their few offshoot offices, or a foreigners' office. It is usually the cheapest option overall if you do it on your own. However, it can be a daunting experience for anyone not used to dealing with Spanish bureaucracy, usually requires a prior appointment, and will probably involve a return trip to pick up the NIE. If you employ a gestor to go with you, that reduces the stress level but puts up the cost.

2). Appoint a representative to do it:

You can authorise someone to get your NIE number for you, and to take care of the whole process for you. You have to grant that person a power of attorney (PoA - poder), signed before a notary, expressly granting permission to request an NIE number on your behalf. The person you appoint doesn't have to be a solicitor etc; it can just be a friend whom you trust to do the job for you. However, you put up the cost by having to pay the notarial fee and that of the representative.

You need to let the representative have your passport, or a notarised copy of your passport (copia legitimada/compulsada). If you get a PoA from a notary outside of Spain, appointing someone to get you an NIE in Spain, you will also need a translation bearing the stamp of the Hague Apostille. Be aware that some National Police offices don't accept passport copies that have been notarised outside of Spain – they only accept copies verified by a Spanish notary.

If you go in person, you usually just need to say you are requesting an NIE because you intend buying property, opening a bank account, or paying any sort of tax, etc. But if you appoint someone else to apply under a PoA then the police are required to justify your application by requiring, for example, a purchase or rental contract, or proof that a deposit has been paid etc.

If you want to provide to your representative proof that third-party representation is allowed in obtaining an NIE, you could provide a print of the following Ministry of the Interior memo:

http://www.intermigra.info/archivos/impresos/nierep.pdf

3). Apply in person at a Spanish Consulate in the UK:

If you live anywhere near the consulates in London or Edinburgh, then this is far and away the easiest way of doing it.

You prepare your paperwork, make an appointment through the consulate website, and go along at the appointment time.

You deal with someone who speaks English, forwards your application to Madrid, and you subsequently receive your NIE, formerly through the post as a hard copy, but these days by email as a PDF attachment.

In addition, you can do a bit of shopping or sightseeing whilst you are in the big city!

4). Use a company to get the NIE for you:

If it isn't convenient to travel to a Spanish consulate in the UK, and you don't want the hassle of applying in Spain yourself, you can use a specialist agency to do the NIE application for you.

This may involve you in going to a notary public where you live, in order to appoint that agency as your legal representative, but you may consider that the costs involved are offset by the convenience.

There are several agencies of which I've seen favourable mentions. I haven't investigated them, but the one I've seen  mentioned most often is:

https://mynie.co.uk/

EXPIRY?

Once an NIE number is assigned, it's yours for life. In fact, even if you snuff it, it will never be assigned to anyone else.

The actual NIE certificate itself is, however, a little bit different. For most of the time I've lived in Spain, the certificates have not had an expiry date and, at the moment, do not do so.

However, there was a period a few of years ago when certificates were issued with a three months validity. In some ways this was understandable for anyone who ticked Residencia(residence), rather than Estancia (stay), on the application form, as anyone taking up residence in Spain for ninety days or more is legally required to apply for residency. Similarly, anyone who ticked Estancia could be regarded as being required to apply for a certificate of non-residency if they have a property here. Having once got either residency or a certificate of non-residency, then the NIE effectively becomes redundant.

In such cases, issuing an NIE with three months validity was perhaps understandable, as it left people with the choice of either complying with the law and getting either a valid residency certificate or certificate of non-residency, or not having a valid NIE and therefore being unable to carry out any of the bureaucratic procedures referred to above. However, this was dropped and will hopefully not be reinstated.

WHERE DO YOU GET AN NIE?

At a National Police station or one of their offshoots:

To find a national police office, start here:

https://www.policia.es/documentacion/oficinas/oficinas_extran.html

Click on either the map or the name of your Community, and then scroll down the list to find those offices which deal with NIEs.

Those at the start of the list, described as 'Brigada Provincial de Extranjería y Fronteras', are not police offices - they're the provincial foreigners offices described in the next section.

The following are what I can find for Alicante province. There are quite a number of official websites giving these types of details, but unfortunately some of the details differ between different websites. Some of the office transactions have changed, but I tell you those you need to check on.

Alcoy:

Comisaría del Cuerpo Nacional de Policía de Alcoy

C/ Perú, 10.

Alicante:

Oficina de Extranjería

C/ Ebanistería 4-6

Alicante

Benidorm:

Comisaría del Cuerpo Nacional de Policía de Benidorm

C/ Apolo XI, 36.

Dénia:

They used to do NIEs, but the web page no longer includes this. It might however be asking them if there would be convenient for you.

Comisaría del Cuerpo Nacional de Policía de Dénia

C/ Castell d´Olimbroi, 5.

Elche:

Comisaría del Cuerpo Nacional de Policía de Elche

C/ Abeto, 1 (Carrer l'Avet, 1)

Elda:

They used to do NIEs, but the web page no longer includes this. It might however be asking them if there would be convenient for you.

Comisaría del Cuerpo Nacional de Policía de Elda-Peter

C/ Lamberto Amat, 26.

Orihuela:

Comisaría del Cuerpo Nacional de Policía de Orihuela

C/ Sol, 34.

Playa Flamenca:

Ayuntamiento de Orihuela Costa (Oficina del Comisaría de Policía de Orihuela Costa)

Plaza del Oriol, 1.

(NIEs aren't actually issued at Playa Flamenca, but by Orihuela, so don't expect an NIE to be ready as soon as if you went direct to Orihuela.)

Teulada:

They used to do NIEs, but the web page no longer includes Teulada. It might however be asking them if there would be convenient for you.

Ayuntamiento de Teulada (Oficina del Cuerpo Nacional de Policía).

Av. de Santa Caterina, 2.

Torrevieja:

They used to do NIEs, but the web page no longer includes this. It might however be asking them if there would be convenient for you.

Comisaría del Cuerpo Nacional de Policía de Torrevieja

Oficina de Documentación de Españoles y Extranjeros

C/ Arquitecto Larramendi, 3.

At a provincial foreigners office:

By foreigners' office, I mean one of the offices of the Ministerio de Política Territorial y Función Pública, perhaps more easily understood as a government delegation, and called Oficina de Extranjería. These offices act separately to those of the national police, and there is one in each province. It is easy to get confused between these offices and those of the police, because some of the police offices dealing with foreigners are also called foreigners offices.

To find an Oficina de Extranjería, start here:

http://www.seat.mpr.gob.es/en/portal/delegaciones_gobierno/delegaciones.html

Just click your community on the map. For Alicante, the office is:

Plaza Muntanyeta, 6

03001, Alicante

I recommend against using a foreigners office. I don't know about other communities and provinces but, in Alicante, all NIE issuing seems to have been passed on to the police. If, however, a foreigners office would be more convenient for you, then I suggest you first check with them whether they are still issuing NIEs.

At a Spanish consulate in the UK:

You should not apply through the a consulate if your reason is that you intend to take up residence in Spain, or to go there for summer seasonal work. For either of these purposes you should in theory only make the application in Spain. However, whatever your intention, you can simply say that you want to open a bank account in Spain, buy a holiday home, buy a car, etc.

There are consulates at London and Edinburgh, and which one you use depends on the county in which you live.

London cover all of Wales, Derbyshire, Lincolnshire, Nottinghamshire, Shropshire, Staffordshire, and all counties south of these. They also cover Guernsey, Jersey and the Isle of Man.

Edinburgh cover all of Scotland, Cleveland, Cumbria, Cheshire, Durham, Greater Manchester, Lancashire, Merseyside, North Yorkshire, Northumberland, Tyne & Wear, West Yorkshire, and Northern Ireland.

Before the end of the Brexit transition period, you shouldn't need documentary proof about why you want an NIE, but after that you may have to provide such proof.

The consulate won't actually assign the NIE; they will simply send your request to the General Directorate of Police in Madrid. Therefore, they can't give any information about the status of your application.

Do not sign the application form - this needs to be done in front of the consular staff.

Consulate General in London:

20 Draycott Place, London SW3 2RZ


Tel: 020 7589 8989, 020 7594 4904, 020 7594 4907

Email: [email protected]

NIE information:

http://www.exteriores.gob.es/Consulados/LONDRES/en/InformacionParaExtranjeros/Pages/NIE.aspx

Consulate General in Edinburgh:

63 North Castle Street
Edinburgh EH2 3LJ

Tel. 0131 220 1843 

E-mail: [email protected]

NIE information:

http://www.exteriores.gob.es/Consulados/EDIMBURGO/en/InformacionParaExtranjeros/Pages/NIE.aspx

DOCUMENTS REQUIRED

1). Copy of the appointment.

2). Two copies of the completed EX-15 application form.

If you are applying at a consulate, do not sign the form in advance - do this in front of the consular official.

3). Passport (minimum 6 months validity) and photocopy of the page that shows your photo and details.

Post-Brexit, non-EU nationals need the passport and a photocopy of the entire passport.

4). I don't know of anyone who has had to provide proof as to the reason they require an NIE - it has normally been sufficient to simply state on the EX-15 that you want to open a bank account, buy a holiday home etc. This might well change post-Brexit, and you may be obliged to provide an original and copy of any document you may have to show your reason for applying for an NIE. Examples are a purchase or deposit contract for a property, a mortgage approval, or simply a letter from a bank. Potential workers in Spain would require a job contract from the Spanish company. Students would require an acceptance letter from the school or college etc. In the supporting documents, the applicant's name and the specific operation to be carried out in Spain must be specified. The government website says:

Important note: when documents from other countries are provided, they must be translated into Spanish or the co-official language of the territory where the application is submitted.

On the other hand, all foreign public documents must be previously legalized by the Spanish Consular Office with jurisdiction in the country where the said document has been issued or, if applicable, by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation, unless the said document has been apostilled by the competent Authority of the issuing country in accordance with the Hague Convention of 5 October 1961 and unless the said document is exempt from legalization by virtue of an International Convention.

5). Proof of payment. The payment form is Modelo 790. I cover this in detail below.

If doing the application at the Spanish Consulate in Edinburgh, their website states that you can pay them in cash, postal order or cheque (payable to “Spanish Consulate, Edinburgh”), together with payment form 790 provided by the Consulate.

6). You will also need two passport size photos.

This isn't required by any of the legislation, but I'd guess that the authorities want a photograph in their records for the post-Brexit scenario.

7). If you appoint someone else to get the NIE for you, they will also have to present the power of attorney authorising them to do this.

8). Post-Brexit, it's too early to say what will be required, but you might need proof of your legal entry into Spain, e.g. a landing card, 'declaración de entrada' or a travel permit 'título de viaje' or registration card 'cédula de inscripción'. Some offices might accept a valid entry stamp in your passport.

9). If you're applying on behalf of a child, you'll also need the original and a copy of the birth certificate.

THE EX-15 APPLICATION FORM

If you do a Google search, you'll find hundreds (at least) of download links for the form, many of which produce different versions of the form. Unfortunately, the EX-15 doesn't bear an issue number or a date, even though its content and layout has changed slightly in the various iterations that have been issued since it was first introduced. However, if you use a form with the following description, then this is the most topical:

Solicitud de Número de Identidad de Extranjero (NIE) y Certificados (LO 4/2000 y RD 557/2011)

Even with this description, there are different versions of the EX-15, and you need to ensure you use the most recent one.

For example, the website of the consulate in Edinburgh still have a live link to an old two page form, although their NIE page has a link to the correct version of the EX-15.

The following has to be downloaded and then completed by hand:

http://extranjeros.mitramiss.gob.es/es/modelossolicitudes/mod_solicitudes2/imprimibles/15-Formulario_NIE_y_certificados_FEB_2019_imprimible.pdf

The following can be completed online, then downloaded or printed; or it can be downloaded as is and then completed by hand:

http://extranjeros.mitramiss.gob.es/es/ModelosSolicitudes/Mod_solicitudes2/15-Formulario_NIE_y_certificados_FEB19.pdf

I suggest you use the above.


L181SKY

Posted: Thu Jul 2, 2020 3:48pm

Posts: 30

15 helpful points

Location: Santa Pola

Joined: 15 Mar 2020

Posted: Thu Jul 2, 2020 3:48pm

Hi Jim.  I’m almost there with deciding residency or not. We only want to be able to choose how long to be in Spain. Ideally until alL houses sold in U.K. We’d be there 6 months a year.      I checked I can drive my U.K. cars with Spanish licence with Direct Line U.K.   but hubby feels he would fail a Spanish medical and so no licence.  Can I take residencia and hubby not,  and would that make it easier for him to join me after Brexit ?he could then keep his U.K.licence  maybe not even say he drives to the Spanish. Just yet anyway.  He is 73 I am 63.  

Mort

Posted: Thu Jul 9, 2020 8:46am

Posts: 11

Location: Torrevieja

Joined: 9 Mar 2020

Posted: Thu Jul 9, 2020 8:46am

Thank you very much very helpfull Morton

Helegav

Posted: Fri Jul 31, 2020 7:10pm

Posts: 9

1 helpful points

Location: Los Montesinos

Joined: 31 Jul 2020

Posted: Fri Jul 31, 2020 7:10pm

Hi,

We are looking to buy a property in the next 6 months in the Costa Blanca area. I’m so pleased I have found this website, it’s so helpful and full of info.


I’m in the process of reading through the information re applying for an NIE number, so we have it ready for when we view and buy a property.
There is an Honorary Consulate in Liverpool that is closest to where we live in North Wales. They said they could legalise our passport copy if we complete the forms and make an apt there, but then send it to Edinburgh?  Is this allowed for Wales or would it have to be strictly London we deal with?  Also they asked us to complete the a 790 form along with the Ex-15 forms.  However, the 790 form seems to be asking for an address in Spain, or would we use our home address in Wales on this?

Thanks for your time - would be grateful for advice 

Helen & Gav

jimtaylor

Posted: Sat Aug 1, 2020 4:59am

jimtaylor

Original Poster

Legendary helpful member

Posts: 6314

8189 helpful points

Location: Mudamiento

Joined: 2 Feb 2017

Posted: Sat Aug 1, 2020 4:59am

Helegav wrote on Fri Jul 31, 2020 7:10pm:

Hi,

We are looking to buy a property in the next 6 months in the Costa Blanca area. I’m so pleased I have found this website, it’s so helpful and full of info.


I’m in the process of reading through the information re applying for an NIE number, so we have it ready for when we view and buy a property.
There is an Honorary Consulate in Liverpool that is closest to where we live in North Wales. They said they could legalise our passport copy if we complete the forms and make an apt there, but then send it to Edinburgh?  Is this allowed for Wales or would it have to be strictly London we deal with?  Also they asked us to complete the a 790 form along with the Ex-15 forms.  However, the 790 form seems to be asking for an address in Spain, or would we use our home address in Wales on this?

Thanks for your time - would be grateful for advice 

Helen & Gav

The application would have to be submitted to London.

Use your UK address on the 790.

Be careful with Liverpool. The last I heard was that they charge a large fee for processing NIEs.

Helegav

Posted: Sat Aug 1, 2020 8:17am

Posts: 9

1 helpful points

Location: Los Montesinos

Joined: 31 Jul 2020

Posted: Sat Aug 1, 2020 8:17am

jimtaylor wrote on Sat Aug 1, 2020 4:59am:

The application would have to be submitted to London.

Use your UK address on the 790.

Be careful with Liverpool. The last I heard was that they charge a large fee for processing NIEs.

Thank you so much for this Jim, especially for the advice on Liverpool too. 

Looks like maybe a little trip to London then, as I wanted to get the NIE numbers sorted before we come to Spain in October (if Covid allows) I just need to weigh up the whether the trip would cost more than trying to sort it in Spain, using the estate agents advisors (they said charge is usually approx €130 pp for arranging) .  I did tell Liverpool I was doing all the form completion myself and asked what the charges would be and they said if that was the case they would just charge the fee on the 790 form (about £10), but I did wonder, as they are basically a law firm. They did send me the links to the forms on the Edinburgh Consulate, so maybe they can only act for them anyway. 

The London 790 form is only online, so i can see thanks to your advice and translation it's very easy to complete now

I had a good read through your guides last night. Some brilliant advice on completing the forms with the translations. 

I'm so pleased I found this - thanks again!! 

jimtaylor

Posted: Sat Aug 1, 2020 8:28am

jimtaylor

Original Poster

Legendary helpful member

Posts: 6314

8189 helpful points

Location: Mudamiento

Joined: 2 Feb 2017

Posted: Sat Aug 1, 2020 8:28am

Helegav wrote on Sat Aug 1, 2020 8:17am:

Thank you so much for this Jim, especially for the advice on Liverpool too. 

Looks like maybe a little trip to London then, as I wanted to get the NIE numbers sorted before we come to Spain in October (if Covid allows) I just need to weigh up the whether the trip would cost more than trying to sort it in Spain, using the estate agents advisors (they said charge is usually...

... approx €130 pp for arranging) .  I did tell Liverpool I was doing all the form completion myself and asked what the charges would be and they said if that was the case they would just charge the fee on the 790 form (about £10), but I did wonder, as they are basically a law firm. They did send me the links to the forms on the Edinburgh Consulate, so maybe they can only act for them anyway. 

The London 790 form is only online, so i can see thanks to your advice and translation it's very easy to complete now

I had a good read through your guides last night. Some brilliant advice on completing the forms with the translations. 

I'm so pleased I found this - thanks again!! 

I suggest you check if the London consulate are transacting NIE applications at the moment, as that might affect your decision on where to do it.

Good luck with however you do it.

RayD

Posted: Sat Aug 1, 2020 4:49pm

RayD

Legendary helpful member

Posts: 7440

6436 helpful points

Location: Catral

Joined: 6 Jan 2016

Posted: Sat Aug 1, 2020 4:49pm

L181SKY wrote on Thu Jul 2, 2020 3:48pm:

Hi Jim.  I’m almost there with deciding residency or not. We only want to be able to choose how long to be in Spain. Ideally until alL houses sold in U.K. We’d be there 6 months a year.      I checked I can drive my U.K. cars with Spanish licence with Direct Line U.K. &nbs...

...p; but hubby feels he would fail a Spanish medical and so no licence.  Can I take residencia and hubby not,  and would that make it easier for him to join me after Brexit ?he could then keep his U.K.licence  maybe not even say he drives to the Spanish. Just yet anyway.  He is 73 I am 63.  

If you apply for residency now, you actually apply for a TIE, but are exempt from some of the requirements, such as criminal checks and higher monthly income, by virtue of being a beneficiary of the Withdrawal Agreement Article 18.4.

However, a TIE requires that you actually be resident in Spain for over 6 months and that you automatically become tax resident in Spain. It also means you can't drive a UK registered car in Spain.

You cannot leave Spain for more than a cumulative 6 months in a year and, to obtain a permanent TIE, you cannot be out of Spain for more than 10 months in 5 years.

If hubby lives with you in Spain he has no choice about becoming resident once he has been here 90 days.

You both also have to change your driving licences to Spanish and, if he doesn't declare that he is driving, not only would he be breaking the law, but it would invalidate his insurance.

Best to do things properly and legally, particularly now when residence depends on 'legally residing' in Spain.

L181SKY

Posted: Sat Aug 1, 2020 11:03pm

Posts: 30

15 helpful points

Location: Santa Pola

Joined: 15 Mar 2020

Posted: Sat Aug 1, 2020 11:03pm

RayD wrote on Sat Aug 1, 2020 4:49pm:

If you apply for residency now, you actually apply for a TIE, but are exempt from some of the requirements, such as criminal checks and higher monthly income, by virtue of being a beneficiary of the Withdrawal Agreement Article 18.4.

However, a TIE requires that you actually be resident in Spain for over 6 months and that you automatically become tax resident in Spain. It also means you can't drive a UK registered car in Spain....

...

You cannot leave Spain for more than a cumulative 6 months in a year and, to obtain a permanent TIE, you cannot be out of Spain for more than 10 months in 5 years.

If hubby lives with you in Spain he has no choice about becoming resident once he has been here 90 days.

You both also have to change your driving licences to Spanish and, if he doesn't declare that he is driving, not only would he be breaking the law, but it would invalidate his insurance.

Best to do things properly and legally, particularly now when residence depends on 'legally residing' in Spain.

I would never break a law. He just doesn’t drive at all nowadays.  Certainly never has in the 17 years holidaying in Spain.It’s a bit of a prisoner situation, only being able to leave the country for two months a year for five years !   not much when we have things to see to in the U.K.    

RayD

Posted: Sun Aug 2, 2020 9:59am

RayD

Legendary helpful member

Posts: 7440

6436 helpful points

Location: Catral

Joined: 6 Jan 2016

Posted: Sun Aug 2, 2020 9:59am

L181SKY wrote on Sat Aug 1, 2020 11:03pm:

I would never break a law. He just doesn’t drive at all nowadays.  Certainly never has in the 17 years holidaying in Spain.It’s a bit of a prisoner situation, only being able to leave the country for two months a year for five years !   not much when we have things to see to in the ...

...U.K.    

The EU comunidad residencia was a bit more of a casual thing with EU residents going in and out of the various EU host states.

If you read the Spanish government documentation on a TIE, it requires more obligations on the holder. The expectation is that a TIE is issued to a foreigner who wants to settle permanently in Spain and make it their home.

A lot of the conditions for obtaining a TIE are waived for UK citizens under the Withdrawal Agreement, but those are the financial requirements and police checks etc. Nowhere does it say that Spain's expectations of the applicant are any less, or that the conditions of residency are reduced.

This text from a spanishsolutions areticle raises some interesting points

The Halfway-housers

One big prob­lem every­one is aware of is that there are many people from the UK who live between the two coun­tries.   For ex­ample, some Brit­ish res­id­ents spend up to six months a year in Spain and don’t re­gister them­selves with the local au­thor­it­ies, which could mean they don’t meet the re­quire­ments to qual­ify as per­man­ent res­id­ents.  They could find them­selves with prob­lems with the amount of pa­per­work and legal re­quire­ments if the fi­nal with­drawal agree­ment is very strict. Ad­di­tion­ally Spain may start to match what the UK is do­ing in terms of ap­ply­ing to be­come a per­man­ent res­id­ent of the coun­try.  People really need to be leg­ally Res­id­ent where they are ac­tu­ally Res­id­ent ac­cord­ing to the law.

If you are here for a total of 183 days (not con­sec­ut­ive) then you are classed as be­ing a tax res­id­ent of Spain. You should be get­ting your Res­id­ency (Res­id­en­cia), your padrón and a SIP card (Health card) or private med­ical in­sur­ance, and in­vest­ig­at­ing pay­ing taxes in Spain.  If you are liv­ing here per­man­ently but as a non-res­id­ent of Spain still go­ing back to the UK for hos­pital treat­ment, driv­ing the UK re­gistered car etc. you are likely to find that this situ­ation can­not con­tinue.

https://www.spanishsolutions.net/blog/legal-paperwork/spanish-residency/residency-in-spain-after-brexit/

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